FISH FAT 18/12

OTHER NAMES:

EPA / DHA ethyl ester, marine lipid concentrate, marine fish oil, marine lipid oil, marine lipids, marine oil, marine oils, marine triglyceride, N-3 fatty acids, N3-polyunsaturated fatty acids, omega-3, omega- fatty acids 3, omega-3 fatty acids, omega-3 fatty acids, omega-3 marine triglycerides, salmon oil, triglyceride marinas, tuna oil.

DESCRIPTION

Fish oil can be obtained by eating fish or taking supplements. Fish, which is especially rich in healthy oils known as omega-3 fatty acids, includes mackerel, herring, tuna, salmon, cod liver, fat whale and fat seal. The two most important omega-3 fatty acids found in fish oil are eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)

Fish oil is most often used in supplements for heart and system diseases. Fish oil is also used for many kidney problems. Fish may have earned its reputation as “brain food” because some people eat fish to help with various conditions related to the functioning of the nerves and brain. Some people use fish oil for eye conditions that can lead to blindness. Fish oil supplements have also been tested for many other conditions.

EFFICIENCY

  • High levels of fat are called triglycerides in the blood (hypertriglyceridemia). Most studies show that fish oil can lower triglycerides by 20-50%. The effect of fish oil is greater in people with higher triglycerides. In addition, taking more fish oil will lower triglycerides to a greater extent.
  • Procedure to open a blocked or narrowed blood vessel (angioplasty). Studies show that fish oil reduces the frequency of repeated blockage of blood vessels by 45% when prescribed for at least 3 weeks before angioplasty and lasts for one month after that. But, when given 2 weeks or less before angioplasty, it has no effect.
  • Miscarriage in pregnant women with an autoimmune disorder called antiphospholipid syndrome. Ingestion of fish oil prevents miscarriages and increases the birth rate in pregnant women with antiphospholipid syndrome.
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children. Early studies show that taking fish oil improves attention, mental function, and behavior in children 8–13 years old with ADHD. Other studies show that taking a special supplement containing fish oil and evening primrose oil improves mental function and behavior in children 7-12 years old with ADHD.
  • Bipolar disorder. Taking fish oil along with traditional treatments for bipolar disorder appears to improve symptoms of depression.
  • Involuntary weight loss in people who are very sick (cachexia or wasting syndrome). Taking a high dose of fish oil slows down weight loss in some cancer patients. Some researchers believe that fish oil slows down weight loss in cancer by fighting depression and improving the mood of people with cancer.
  • Surgery to improve blood flow to the heart (CABG operation). The intake of fish oil appears to prevent re-closure of coronary bypass grafts after CABG surgery.
  • High blood pressure caused by the drug cyclosporine. Cyclosporin is a medicine that reduces the chance of organ rejection after an organ transplant. Taking fish oil seems to prevent the high blood pressure caused by this drug.
  • Damage to the kidneys caused by the drug cyclosporine. Cyclosporin is a medicine that reduces the chance of organ rejection after an organ transplant. Taking fish oil seems to prevent kidney damage in people taking this drug. Fish oil also appears to improve kidney function during the recovery phase after refusing a transplanted organ in people taking cyclosporine.
  • Impairment of motor skills marked by clumsiness (impaired development coordination or DCD). The combination of fish oil (80%) and evening primrose oil (20%) seems to improve reading, spelling, and behavior of children aged 5–12 years with DCT. It is unclear whether taking fish oil supplements can improve motor skills in children with this disease.
  • Menstrual cramps (dysmenorrhea). Studies show that consuming fish oil, either alone or with vitamin B12 or vitamin E, can reduce painful periods and reduce the need for pain medications in women with menstrual cramps.
  • Cancer of the uterine mucosa (endometrial cancer). There is some evidence that women who regularly eat about two servings of oily fish per week have a reduced risk of developing endometrial cancer.
  • Heart failure. A higher intake of fish oil from foods has been associated with a reduced risk of heart failure. Early studies show that fish oil supplements can reduce adverse effects, such as hospitalization or death, for people who already have heart failure.
  • Complications after a heart transplant. The intake of fish oil appears to preserve kidney function and reduce the long-term increase in blood pressure after heart transplantation.
  • Abnormal blood fat levels in people with HIV / AIDS. Some studies show that taking fish oil lowers triglycerides in people with abnormal cholesterol levels caused by HIV / AIDS treatment. Taking fish oil can also lower total cholesterol in these people, although the results are contradictory.
  • High blood pressure. Fish oil appears to lower blood pressure in people with moderate or very high blood pressure. Some types of fish oil can also lower blood pressure in people with slightly elevated blood pressure, but the results are contradictory. Apparently fish oil enhances the effect of some, but not all drugs that lower blood pressure. However, it seems that fish oil does not lower blood pressure in people with uncontrolled blood pressure who are already taking medications that lower blood pressure.
  • A condition that slowly leads to kidney disease (IgA nephropathy). Some studies suggest that long-term, but not short-term use of fish oil can slow the loss of kidney function in patients at high risk of developing IgA nephropathy. Fish oil may have a greater effect when taken at higher doses. In addition, it may be most effective in people with IgA nephropathy who have a higher level of protein in their urine.
  • Weak and brittle bones (osteoporosis). Studies show that eating
  • fish oil alone or together with calcium and evening primrose oil slows down the rate of bone loss and increases bone density on the femur (femur) and spine in the elderly with osteoporosis. But taking fish oil does not slow bone loss in older people with osteoarthritis in the knee, but without weak bones.
  • Scaly, itchy skin (psoriasis). There is some evidence that intravenous administration of fish oil (intravenously) can reduce the severity of psoriasis symptoms. In addition, applying fish oil to the skin also improves some symptoms of psoriasis. But taking fish oil in your mouth has no effect on psoriasis.
  • Mental disorder marked by hallucinations and delusion (psychosis). Some studies show that taking fish oil supplements can help prevent the development of psychotic illness in adolescents and young people with mild symptoms.
  • Raynaud’s Syndrome. There is some evidence that taking fish oil can improve cold resistance in some people with the usual form of Raynaud’s syndrome. However, people with Raynaud’s syndrome, caused by a condition called progressive systemic sclerosis, do not seem to benefit from fish oil supplements.
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA). Taking fish oil orally, alone or with naproxen (Naprosyn) appears to help improve RA symptoms.

DOSING

  • For high levels of fats called triglycerides in the blood (hypertriglyceridemia): the studies used doses of 1-15 g of fish oil per day for up to 6 months. But most experts recommend taking a dose of fish oil, which gives about 3.5 g of omega-3 fatty acids daily.
  • For the procedure to open a blocked or narrowed blood vessel (angioplasty): 6 grams of fish oil daily, starting from one month before angioplasty and continuing for one month after, then 3 grams daily for 6 months after that were used. In addition, 15 g of fish oil was taken daily for 3 weeks before angioplasty and for 6 months thereafter.
  • To prevent miscarriage in pregnant women with an autoimmune disorder called antiphospholipid syndrome: 5.1 grams of fish oil with a ratio of 1.5 EPA: DHA taken daily for 3 years.
  • For attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): a special supplement was used containing 400 mg of fish oil and 100 mg of evening primrose oil, six capsules per day for 15 weeks. In addition, 250 mg of omega-3 fatty acids, which were complexed with phosphatidylserine, were used daily for 3 months.
  • For bipolar disorder: fish oil was used containing 6.2 g of EPA and 3.4 g of DHA taken daily for 4 months. In addition, 1-6 grams of EPA for 12-16 weeks or omega-3 fatty acids containing 4.4-6.2 grams of EPA plus 2.4-3.4 grams of DHA for 4-16 weeks were used.
  • For surgery to improve blood flow to the heart (CABG operation): 4 grams of fish oil, containing 2.04 grams of EPA and 1.3 grams of DHA, were used daily for one year.
  • With high blood pressure caused by cyclosporine: 3 to 4 grams of omega-3 fatty acids per day for 6 months after using a heart transplant. 2-18 grams of fish oil daily for 1-12 months after a kidney transplant.
  • In case of kidney damage caused by cyclosporin: after liver transplantation, 12 g of fish oil was used daily for 2 months. In addition, 6 g of fish oil daily for 3 months after a kidney transplant.
  • For menstrual cramps (dysmenorrhea): A daily dose of 1080 mg of EPA and 720 mg of DHA along with 1.5 mg of vitamin E daily for 2 months. In addition, 500-2500 mg of fish oil was used daily for 2-4 months.
  • In heart failure: 600 to 4300 mg of omega-3 fatty acids daily for 12 months. In addition, 1 gram of fish oil daily for 2.9 years.
  • For complications after a heart transplant: 4 grams of fish oil, containing 46.5% EPA and 37.8% DHA, daily for one year.
  • With high blood pressure: from 4 to 15 grams of fish oil per day, taken in single or divided doses, for up to 36 weeks. In addition, 3-15 grams of omega-3 fatty acids daily for 4 weeks.
  • In a condition that slowly leads to kidney disease (IgA nephropathy): 1-12 g of fish oil daily for 2-4 years. In addition, 3 grams of fish oil in combination with a drug called the renin-angiotensin system blocker (RASB) daily for 6 months.
  • For weak and brittle bones (osteoporosis): four 500 mg capsules were used from a mixture of primrose and fish oil taken three times a day with meals, along with 600 mg of calcium carbonate for 18 months.
  • For scaly, itchy skin (psoriasis): fish oil capsules containing 3.6 g of EPA and 2.4 g of DHA per day for 15 weeks, along with UVB therapy.
  • For psychosis: fish oil capsules containing 700 mg of EPA and 480 mg of DHA mixed with tocopherols and other omega-3 fatty acids daily for 12 weeks.
  • For Raynaud’s syndrome: a daily dose of 3.96 grams of EPA and 2.64 grams of DHA was used for 12 weeks.
  • In rheumatoid arthritis (RA): 10 g of fish oil daily for 6 months or fish oil containing 0.5-4.6 g of EPA and 0.2-3.0 g of DHA, sometimes together with vitamin E 15 IU, daily for 15 months has been used.

Children

  • For a movement disorder marked by clumsiness (impaired development coordination or DCD): in children aged 5-12 years old, fish oil was used, providing 558 mg of EPA and 174 mg of DHA in three divided doses daily for 3 months. We used a special supplement containing fish oil in combination with evening primrose oil, thyme oil and vitamin E, taken daily for 4 months.